The site has been known since the 19th century. We started looking for it systematically last year, really very rich and interesting, says the archaeologist.
In the village of Jánovce near Poprad, archaeological research, which has been carried out there since the beginning of July, has made it possible to highlight settlements mainly of the La Tène culture, that is to say from the 1st century. BC.
In less than a month, researchers managed to uncover about 3,000 artifacts in the locality, reported Mária Hudáková from the Spiš Museum in Spišská Nová Ves.
“The site has been known since the 19th century. We started to search for it systematically last year, it is really very rich and interesting,” said Hudáková, quoted by the TASR news wire. “The rarest items include, for example, glass beads. Glass decorated with carnations has also been found, which is rare.
According to her, part of a bronze belt deserves attention. Archaeologists examined two probes in the western part of Hradisko in Machalovce, following the results of research last year, when wheel pits dug into the bedrock were discovered.
Another wheel hole was found on the outer side of the rampart. It contained the remains of a burnt wooden wheel, and based on this, according to Hudáková, it can be assumed that the rampart had a wooden grid structure. It was filled with massive stone slabs and clay. The construction was burned in the examined parts, which can be attributed to the destruction of Hradisko in the 1st century BC until the beginning of the 1st century AD.
“During this period, the Celtic tribe of Cotins lived here, which we associate with the archaeological culture of Púchov,” added Dominik Repka from the Department of Archeology of the Faculty of Arts of Constantine the Philosopher University of Nitra, quoted by TASR.
Its function was commercial and productive, as evidenced by the finds: these are working tools and crafts, finished products, as well as several hundred coins, proof of the commercial nature of the territory, added Repka. They were at the crossroads of trade routes, which the locals took advantage of. During this season, they discovered various ceramics, bronze and iron products, decorative items, but also, for example, spirals made of graphite ceramics.
“The dock was actually a flywheel that served and helped spin the wires,” Repka explained.
The location was inhabited until the 2nd century, after which the Romans resettled the inhabitants south of Pannonia. The research of Púchov Hradisko is carried out by the museum and the department of archeology in cooperation with the museum of Kežmarok and the society Archeology Spiš.
“Field research ends and research in the museum and laboratories begins. The findings will later end up in the museum in Spiš. We are also planning to make an exhibition about the Celts in Spiš. We absolutely want to continue the research and systematically examine the site in the coming years,” Hudáková concluded, as quoted by TASR.