Home Historical art MORIA 21: Discover the Peloponnese in the footsteps of the Greek revolution

MORIA 21: Discover the Peloponnese in the footsteps of the Greek revolution


The Morias21 project is an initiative of the Captain Vassilis and Carmen Constantakopoulos Foundation and TEMES SA in association with the General Secretariat for Greeks Abroad and Public Diplomacy of the Hellenic Ministry of Foreign Affairs, in collaboration with South East European Studies in Oxford (SEESOX) and the Hellenic Initiative.

As part of the celebrations of the bicentenary of the Greek Revolution, the Morias21 project invites the world to discover the attractions of the Peloponnese, a region that played a decisive role in the Greek War of Independence and remains a fascinating destination thanks to its rich history. , its art, its gastronomy and,
of course, natural beauty.


The Peloponnesian Peninsula was historically known as the Morea, or Morias in vernacular Greek. Its rich and eventful history is attested in its many monuments, from ancient Greek temples and theaters to Byzantine monasteries and Venetian fortresses. Morias was the heart of the Revolution during the Greek War of Independence, producing countless fighters – including some of Greece’s most prominent heroes – and becoming the scene of many battles, sieges, revolts, massacres, triumphs and tragedies. Each site and each path has a story to tell, and the Morias21 project allows you to discover several.

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On the official Morias21 website you will find 21 routes for excursions in the Peloponnese. They are designed as 3, 5 or 7 day self-guided car trips and combine one or more large towns and villages with nearby sites of historical significance, special interest or great natural beauty. The thematic routes are planned around 10 major destinations which are offered as starting points and major stops. These are:

Areopoli, the homeland of the powerful Mavromichalis family, an important and important clan who acted as rulers (bey) of the semi-autonomous Mani peninsula.

Kalamata, one of the first cities freed from the Ottomans.

Kardamyli, one of the most picturesque towns in the region.

Corinth, which the First National Assembly of Epidaurus had designated as the first capital of revolutionary Greece and seat of the Executive from 1822, from January to May 1822.

Kyparissia, a major commercial hub during the time of Ottoman rule, under the name “Arcadia”, with an impressive castle.

Messene, an important military base for Greek forces during the Revolution.

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Monemvasia, with its impressive fortress, the first walled city in the Peloponnese to come under the control of Greek rebels.

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, first official capital of the Greek state, seat of government of Ioannis Kapodistrias and place of the latter’s assassination.

Pylos, historically known as Navarino, the site of the Navarino naval battle, where allied forces of Great Britain, France and Russia decisively defeated Ottoman and Egyptian forces, breathing new life into the Revolution Greek.

Tripoli, known as Tripolitsa or Tripolitza during the time of the Greek Revolution, where the Greek forces, led by Theodoros Kolokotronis (the most famous Greek hero, also known as “the old man of Morea”), won one of their most important victories against the Ottomans.

The routes also include several other sites of historical significance, such as Gythio, a key port during the Revolution, the majestic castles of Methoni and Koroni, the ancient monastery of Vrontamas, the monastery of metamorphosis at Molaoi, the former monastery de Voulkanos and others.

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Digital exhibition

The digital exhibition “The Journey of a Nation” was imagined and set up by the Captain Vassilis and Carmen Konstantakopoulos Foundation and TEMES AE, to celebrate 200 years since the start of the Greek Revolution. The start of the revolution in eastern Mani, the liberation of Kalamata, the fall of Tripolitsa, the naval battle of Navarino and the arrival of the first governor of Greece, Ioannis Kapodistrias, have inspired many paintings and engravings over the years. years.

As part of the exhibition, some of these works are reconstructed using animation and digital display techniques in two and three dimensions, with a narrative based on the memoirs of Theodoros Kolokotronis. The digital exhibits are presented in specially designed rooms where the entire interior serves as a projection screen. You can see these digital exhibits in the cities of Pylos, Kalamata, Tripoli, Areopoli and Nafplio.

Folk costumes

The exhibition “The Morias of Liberty” features traditional local folk costumes from the Revolutionary era from various parts of the Peloponnese. It was created by the George and Victoria Karelia Foundation in collaboration with the Lykeion ton Hellenidon (Lyceum Club of Greek Women) of Kalamata and the “Victoria Karelia” Greek Costume Collection, and is hosted in five different locations (Pylos, Kalamata, Tripoli, Nafplion and Costa Navarino in Messinia) around the Peloponnese.

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Left: public fresco dedicated to Kolokotronis in Tripoli; Right: Equestrian statue of Kolokotronis in the central square of Tripoli


Public murals

To honor the bicentenary of the Greek War of Independence, young artists, students and graduates of the Athens School of Fine Arts created 10 public murals in selected towns in the Peloponnese. Historical moments of the Revolution and portraits of great fighters are rendered as graffiti on buildings and streets, in Pylos, Kalamata, Areopoli, Kardamili, Nafplio, Corinth and Tripoli.

Living pictures

Six paintings from the Benaki Museum are choreographed by Froso Korrou under the direction of Olga Brouma, to bring to life famous examples of the struggle for independence, as imagined and captured by great artists. Artists from Athens and Thessaloniki reproduce but also transform iconic paintings by Theodoros Vryzakis, Dionysios Tsokos, Henri Decaisne, January Suchodolski and Sir Charles Lock Eastlake. The project is organized in collaboration with the department stores Attica, Mediterranean Cosmos, Athens Golden Hall & The Mall Athens, which also function as venues.

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Living painting after the assassination of Ioannis Kapodistrias on September 27, 1831 by Dionysios Tsokos (Benaki Museum)


As part of the Morias21 project, you are also invited on a culinary journey through the distinct ingredients and tastes of the region, reinvented in creative recipes by famous Greek chef Lefteris Lazarou.


As you travel through the Peloponnese, you will be able to enjoy the unique Mediterranean nature and explore the rich fauna of the region. The Morias21 website offers a detailed catalog of famous trees in the region, providing information on historical moments and the legends to which they are linked. Like buildings and monuments, trees can also bear traces of history – from the palm tree of Kapodistrias in Nafplio to the mulberry tree of Papaflessas in Messinia.

Source: Greek news agenda

Key words:
Byzantine, Corinth, Costa Navarino, Greece, Greek, Greek Revolution, Greek War of Independence, Kalamata, Kardamyli, Messini, Monemvasia, Morias, Nafplion, Peloponnese, Pylos, Theodoros Kolokotronis, Tripoli
GCT team

This article was researched and written by a member of the GCT team.